Including the Chinese joint ventures, the Volkswagen Group employed an average of 619,346 people in fiscal year 2016, an increase of 2.5% year-on-year. Our companies in Germany employed 279,993 people on average in 2016; at 45.2 (45.6)%, their share of the headcount was slightly below the level of the previous year. The Volkswagen Group had 601,443 active employees (+2.8%) as of December 31, 2016. In addition, 5,782 employees were in the passive phase of their partial retirement and 19,490 young people were in vocational traineeships (+4.5%). The Volkswagen Group’s headcount was 626,715 employees (+2.7%) at the end of the reporting period. Significant factors for the increase in employees were the recruitment of specialists, particularly in Germany and China, volume-driven growth outside of Germany and the expansion of the workforce in our new plants in Mexico and Poland. A total of 281,518 people were employed in Germany (+1.0%), while 345,197 were employed abroad (+4.2%).

as of December 31, 2016
Employees by division/business area (pie chart)